In 2017, National Union Fire Insurance Co. of Pittsburg, Pa. successfully obtained dismissal of an insurance denial suit by Yahoo! brought in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. In the suit (Case No. 5:17-cv-00447), Yahoo! alleged that National Union had wrongfully refused to defend five underlying Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA)

The least sophisticated consumer doesn’t need everything spelled out for him.  Or at least that’s what the Eleventh Circuit held recently in Conde v. Webcollex, LLC, No. 18-12551 — another case where a court finds that something means exactly what it says.

The plaintiff in Conde filed suit after he got a validation letter